As organizations and their technology ecosystems mature, they often find that managing architecture is a challenge. Rather than becoming professionals at managing a platform, software teams would rather devote their time and resources to applications and development. The new alternative is serverless architecture. But what is serverless architecture? And is it the right move for you?

What is serverless architecture?

Serverless architecture describes a way for companies to build and run applications but not have to manage infrastructure. It provides a way to remove architecture responsibilities from your workload, including provisioning, scaling, and maintenance. Scaling can be automatic, and you only pay for what you use.

Since the development of this new technology, we’ve seen substantial growth through Amazon Web Services (AWS). A recent O’Reilly survey found that 40 percent of organizations adopted serverless architecture. The main reasons behind the adoption include reduced costs, scalability, developer productivity, and more, per the chart below.

Image courtesy of OReilly.com.

Not everyone is ready to go all-in with serverless. The study found concerns around security, fear of the unknown, and not having the right staff. That last concern deserves to be highlighted: even though serverless should be “easier,” it still takes team expertise to be competent in a new tool.

Let’s look specifically at the benefits and limitations of serverless architecture.

What are the advantages of using serverless architecture?

The leading advantage is that your developers can focus their attention on product development. They no longer have to account for managing and operating servers. Components like network configuration or the physical security of your servers are handled by the vendor rather than your team.

Many other benefits come from serverless architecture as well.

Decomposing drives better observability

With serverless, you break down applications into smaller and smaller pieces, known as decomposition. By doing so, you’ll gain better observability across the application.

With smaller pieces, the knowledge necessary to make changes or create fixes is smaller.

Serverless is event-based

Serverless uses an event-based system versus stream-based. With event-based architecture, each subpart of the application is independent. Events trigger one another. In stream-based, there are connections to each service. If there is a failure, it just impacts that event, not the entire log.

Faster deployments, greater flexibility, and accelerated innovation

Speed is often a contributing factor in choosing to use a serverless architecture. You can rapidly deploy apps in hours because there’s no infrastructure construction to weigh you down. With faster deployments also comes ease in scalability.

By using such an agile architecture, you can be very flexible in your releases. Because it’s a quicker process, you can accelerate innovation.

This flexibility is especially valuable in situations where pivoting is urgent. These types of scenarios are playing out all over the world in response to the pandemic. Organizations have to change their focus to meet emerging needs. This could be internal with a move to remote work. Another example is the adoption of customer-facing applications like those of retailers and restaurants.

Reducing architecture costs

Being serverless, an organization is essentially outsourcing server and database management. You are no longer responsible for the huge investments required for internal architecture administration. Ultimately your use case will define how much you can save.

Focusing more on UX

If your applications have end users, which they probably do, they have high expectations around digital experiences. If architecture is no longer a concern, it leaves more time to work on the user experience (UX). You can’t afford to not invest in the user interface, so serverless can provide you with a way to reallocate resources.

What are the limitations of using serverless architecture?

Serverless architecture isn’t perfect. It’s still an evolving architecture, leaving some not ready to adopt.

Long-running application inefficiencies

Running workloads, which are long-running, could be more costly on serverless. Using a dedicated server is often more efficient.

Third-party dependency

Serverless architecture requires you to be reliant on your provider. You don’t have full control, and changes may impact you without notice. The platform’s availability is subject to its terms.

Cold starts

A “cold start” occurs when a platform must initiate internal resources. It may take some time for your serverless architecture to handle that first function request. You can avoid a “cold start” by ensuring the function remains in an active state. You do this by sending requests to it periodically.

Is serverless architecture for you?

Serverless architecture is just one more option for deploying applications. Being able to monitor and troubleshoot serverless is also critical. Explore how we make this possible with New Relic Serverless for AWS Lambda.

Get a serverless overview and a free trial.

Nočnica Fee is a Dev Advocate for New Relic specializing in serverless. She's a frequent contributor to The New Stack and Dev.to. In her downtime, she enjoys drum machines and woodworking. View posts by .

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